2 edition of Carbon dioxide, condensation nuclei and wind climatology of the Barrow GMCC Observatory (1973-1979) found in the catalog.
Carbon dioxide, condensation nuclei and wind climatology of the Barrow GMCC Observatory (1973-1979)
Joyce M. Harris
by U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Environmental Research Laboratories in Boulder, Colo
Written in English
|Statement||Joyce M. Harris, Gary A. Herbert.|
|Series||NOAA data report ERL ARL -- 2.|
|Contributions||Herbert, Gary A., Air Resources Laboratories.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||iii, 112 p. :|
|Number of Pages||112|
The climate advocacy organization org, co-founded by prominent activist Bill McKibben, was established around the idea that world leaders should work to get atmospheric carbon dioxide. Since the industrial revolution, human activities have increased the abundance of carbon dioxide in the lower atmosphere by about 40%. Lightning-sparked fires, such as the Douglas County Complex Fire in Washington State in , can release carbon dioxide, but human activity produces much more of the greenhouse gas.
Carbon dioxide is a colorless and non-flammable gas at normal temperature and pressure. Although much less abundant than nitrogen and oxygen in Earth's atmosphere, carbon dioxide is an important constituent of our planet's air.A molecule of carbon dioxide (CO 2) is made up of one carbon atom and two oxygen atoms.. Carbon dioxide is an important greenhouse gas . Determining the residence time of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is a rather complex problem. A common misconception arises from simply looking at the annual carbon flux and the atmospheric stock; after all, with gigatons absorbed by the oceans and land every year, and a total atmospheric stock of gigatons, one might expect the average molecule of .
Prior to Click here for a link to the CMDL Publications Database. Bodhaine, B. A., The U.S. aerosol monitoring program in Antarctica, In Conference Proceedings Vol. 35, 4th Workshop Italian Research on Antarctic Atmosphere, M. Colacino, G. Giovanelli, and L. Stefanutti (Eds.), Italian Physical . Almost any discussion of global warming begins or ends with carbon dioxide. Because of its molecular structure, carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas, which means it allows visible light from the Sun to pass through the atmosphere while absorbing and reemitting infrared energy, heating the Earth. Greenhouse gases act as insulation and are responsible for making Earth’s climate .
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Carbon dioxide, condensation nuclei, and wind climatology of the Barrow GMCC Observatory (). Data Rep. ERL ARL-2, Natl. Oceanic and Atmos. Admin., Boulder, Herbert, G. A., Harris, J. Abstract. The first 10 years () of atmospheric CO 2 measurements at Barrow, Alaska, by the NOAA/GMCC program are described.
The paper updates and extends the Barrow CO 2 record presented in Tellus (). The data are given in final form, based on recent calibrations of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, with selected values identified as representative of Cited by: The first 10 years (–) of atmospheric CO2 measurements at Barrow, Alaska, by the NOAA/GMCC program are described.
The paper updates and extends the Barrow CO2 record presented in Tellus ().Cited by: Carbon dioxide, condensation nuclei and wind climatology of the Barrow GMCC Observatory ().
Data report. Carbon dioxide (CO 2) is an important heat-trapping (greenhouse) gas, which is released through human activities such as deforestation and burning fossil fuels, as well as natural processes such as respiration and volcanic first graph shows atmospheric CO 2 levels measured at Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii, in recent years, with average seasonal.
The vast majority of scientists around the world agree that our climate is changing at a faster rate than ever recorded in human history because of our use of fuels such as coal and oil, so-called fossil fuels.
The conclusion rests on basic physics known since the early s, when physical scientists first recognized that carbon dioxide, then a recently discovered gas. Remarkably, condensation occurs with utmost difficulty in clean air; moisture needs a suitable surface upon which it can condense.
If clean air is cooled below its dew-point it becomes supersaturated (i.e. relative humidity exceeding per cent). To maintain a pure water drop of radius cm ( mm) requires a relative humidity of per cent, and for one of.
Travel through Earth's recent climate history and see how increasing carbon dioxide, global temperature and sea ice have changed over time. Eyes on the Earth Track Earth's vital signs from space and fly along with NASA's Earth-observing satellites in an interactive 3D visualization.
smaller amounts of carbon dioxide (CO 2), methane (CH 4), nitrous oxide (N 2O), ozone (O 3) and dozens of other gases at still smaller concentrations. The chemi-cal composition of the atmosphere is given in Table The protection afforded by the atmosphere is very important for life on Earth.
The atmosphere. The synoptic conditions over the Alaskan Arctic during the Arctic Gas and Aerosol Sampling Program (AGASP) of March are described. Air mass characteristics are pictured in terms of meteorological parameters, condensation nuclei, ozone and CO 2 concentrations, aerosol size and number distributions, and aerosol scattering coefficients, as measured at the Barrow.
Global warming - Global warming - Carbon dioxide: Of the greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide (CO2) is the most significant. Natural sources of atmospheric CO2 include outgassing from volcanoes, the combustion and natural decay of organic matter, and respiration by aerobic (oxygen-using) organisms.
These sources are balanced, on average, by a set of physical. The carbon cycle is a complex system of biological, chemical and physical processes. A schematic from the IPCC AR4 report is shown here.
The schematic shows the major reservoirs of carbon in gigatons of carbon, GtC (1 GtC = 1 PgC: Petagram of Carbon) and the major fluxes in GtC/yr. The numbers shown are the best estimates for the ’s.
Other paleoclimate proxies help us understand the role of the oceans in past and future climate change. The ocean contains 60 times more carbon than the atmosphere, and as expected, the changes in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere were paralleled by changes in carbon in the ocean over the past several hundred thousand years.
“Carbon dioxide does not drive climate,” says Piers flatly. “The idea CO2 controls climate, and that man’s CO2 particularly, controls climate, is actually delusional nonsense.” “There is no evidence for this in real data.
Temperature changes in the oceans, in the long run, drive carbon dioxide levels, so they tend to move together.”. The carbon cycle plays a key role in regulating Earth's global temperature and climate by controlling the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The greenhouse effect itself is a naturally occurring phenomenon that makes Earth warm enough for life to exist.
Condensation nuclei and aerosol-scattering extinction measurements at Mauna Loa Observatory: Data report. The Point Barrow, Alaska pollutant and meteorological data bases from the Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory (CMDL) baseline station are ev.
Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change There is little doubt the air's CO 2 concentration has risen significantly since the inception of the Industrial Revolution; and there are few who do not attribute the CO 2 increase to the increase in humanity's use of fossil fuels.
Dependence of CO/sub 2/, aerosol, and ozone concentrations on wind direction at Barrow, Alaska during winter.The state of the atmosphere at a given time and place, with respect to variables such as temperature, moisture, wind velocity and barometric pressure.
Climate. The weather in some location averaged over some long period of time (30 years0. Meteorology.Atmospheric carbon dioxide data obtained at Barrow, Alaska for the May-September period of were studied to understand the causes of the day-to-day and within-day variations.
Sixteen instances of h change in average CO2 concentration of from 15 to 50% of the annual range (approx. 14 ppm) were identified.